Virtue, Vice, and Value

By Thomas Hurka

What are advantage and vice, and the way do they relate to different ethical homes similar to goodness and rightness? Thomas Hurka defends a particular perfectionist view in keeping with which the virtues are higher-level intrinsic items, ones that contain morally applicable attitudes to different, self sustaining items and evils. He develops this hugely unique view intimately and argues for its superiority over rival perspectives, together with these given through advantage ethics.

Show description

Being Human: Ethics, Environment, and Our Place in the World

Being Human examines the complicated connections between conceptions of human nature, attitudes towards non-human nature, and ethics. Anna Peterson proposes an "ethical anthropology" that examines how rules of nature and humanity are certain jointly in ways in which form the very foundations of cultures. Peterson discusses mainstream Western understandings of what it capacity to be human, in addition to possible choices to those views, and means that the development of a compelling, coherent environmental ethics will revise our principles not just approximately nature but additionally approximately what it skill to be human.

Show description

The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life

By Kurt Lampe

According to Xenophon, Socrates attempted to cajole his affiliate Aristippus to reasonable his over the top indulgence in wine, girls, and meals, arguing that merely exertions can deliver happiness. Aristippus wasn't confident. in its place, he and his fans espoused the main radical type of hedonism in historical Western philosophy. prior to the increase of the higher identified yet relatively ascetic Epicureans, the Cyrenaics pursued a life-style within which moments of delight, really physically excitement, held the top price. In The beginning of Hedonism, Kurt Lampe offers the main entire account in any language of Cyrenaic principles and behaviour, revolutionizing the knowledge of this missed yet vital tuition of philosophy.

The delivery of Hedonism completely and sympathetically reconstructs the doctrines and practices of the Cyrenaics, who have been lively among the fourth and 3rd centuries BCE. The publication examines not just Aristippus and the mainstream Cyrenaics, but additionally Hegesias, Anniceris, and Theodorus. opposite to fresh scholarship, the e-book indicates that the Cyrenaics, regardless of giving fundamental price to discrete pleasant studies, accredited the dominant Greek philosophical trust that life-long happiness and the virtues that maintain it are the significant matters of ethics. The booklet additionally deals the 1st in-depth attempt to appreciate Theodorus's atheism and Hegesias's pessimism, either one of that are tremendous strange in old Greek philosophy and which increase the fascinating query of hedonism's dating to pessimism and atheism. eventually, the booklet explores the "new Cyrenaicism" of the nineteenth-century author and classicist Walter Pater, who drew out the iconic philosophical curiosity of Cyrenaic hedonism greater than the other glossy thinker.

Show description

The Surface and the Abyss: Nietzsche as Philosopher of Mind and Knowledge (Monographien und Texte zur Nietzsche-Forschung)

By Peter Bornedal

Peter Bornedal presents an interpretation of Nietzsche´s philosophy as a complete within the context of nineteenth century philosophy of brain and cognition. The learn explains Nietzsche´s proposal of fact; his epistemology; his notions of the break up and fragmented topic, of grasp, slave, and priest; in addition, it deals a brand new interpretation of the enigmatic ""eternal recurrence"". It additionally indicates how very important facets of Nietzsche´s considering will be learn as a worldly critique of ideology. From stories in Nietzsche´s paintings as an entire, now not least in his so-called Nachgelassene Fragmente, the booklet reconstructs facets of Nietzsche´s pondering that experience principally been under-described in specially the Anglo-Saxon Nietzsche-reception. The learn makes the case that Nietzsche in his epistemology, his psychology, and his cognitive concept is responding to a number of clinical discoveries occuring in the course of the nineteenth century. learn in the context of up to date cognitive-psychological-evolutionary debates, Nietzsche´s philosophy is obvious as way more scientistic, and much much less poetical-metaphysical, than it has in fresh reception-history been got.

Show description

Poetika (Russian Edition)

Velikogo drevnegrecheskogo filosofa Aristotelya F.Engel's nazval samoj universal'noj golovoj sredi myslitelej antichnosti. Sochineniya Aristotelya stali vazhnejshim etapom v stanovlenii nauchnoj teorii poezii i prozy. Aristotel' obobschaet opyt klassicheskoj epohi drevnegrecheskoj kul'tury, dobivaetsya nevidannoj prezhde distsipliny nauchnogo myshleniya. YAzyk ego filosofii ochen' prost i konkreten. V traktate "Poetika" vyrazhena aristotelevskaya teoriya poezii, v traktate "Ritorika" - teoriya hudozhestvennoj prozy. Oba etih znamenityh traktata okazali universal'noe vozdejstvie na razvitie teorii literatury.

Show description

The Greek Concept of Nature (SUNY series in Ancient Greek Philosophy)

By Gerard Naddaf

Explores the starting place and evolution of the Greek thought of nature up till the time of Plato.

In The Greek inspiration of Nature, Gerard Naddaf makes use of old, mythological, and linguistic views to reconstruct the starting place and evolution of the Greek idea of phusis. frequently translated as nature, phusis has been decisive either for the early historical past of philosophy and for its next improvement. even if, there's a massive volume of controversy on what the earliest philosophers—Anaximander, Xenophanes, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Leucippus, and Democritus—actually had in brain once they said phusis or nature. Naddaf demonstrates that the basic and etymological which means of the observe refers back to the complete strategy of delivery to adulthood. He argues that using phusis within the recognized expression Peri phuseos or historia peri phuseos refers back to the foundation and the expansion of the universe from commencing to finish. Naddaf's daring and unique concept for the genesis of Greek philosophy demonstrates that archaic and mythological schemes have been on the foundation of the philosophical representations, but additionally that cosmogony, anthropogony, and politogony have been by no means absolutely separated in early Greek philosophy.

The Greek suggestion of Nature is a clean and critical exploration of the Greek inquiry into phusis, and of the origins, nature, context, and goals of the earliest Greek philosophy.” — PHOENIX

“…Gerard Naddaf is to be praised for bringing larger richness to the knowledge we have of thinkers like Anaximander.” — Bryn Mawr Classical Review

"By revealing that Greek cosmological theories are rooted in an archaic tripartite schema (cosmogony, anthropogony, politogony), Gerard Naddaf has opened a brand new viewpoint at the historical past of the genesis of Greek proposal that would be useful for historians of Greece and historic philosophy." — Pierre Hadot, writer of What Is old Philosophy?

"Naddaf masters numerous fields of study and this makes the booklet all of the extra wealthy and lucrative. His unique and wealthy standpoint will regulate the present method of the idea that of nature in classical antiquity." — Luc Brisson, coauthor of Inventing the Universe: Plato's Timaeus, the massive Bang, and the matter of clinical Knowledge

Show description

Le parler de soi

Depuis l'époque de Descartes, un nouveau personnage occupe l. a. scène philosophique : le moi, tandis que s'éclipsent d'autres personnages qui eurent leurs heures de gloire, tels l'intellect agent et l'âme. D'où sort-il ? Par une intéressante alchimie, les philosophes ont tiré de notre utilization ordinaire d'un pronom ("moi") un être philosophal pur ("le moi"). Au terme de quelles aventures conceptuelles le moi se trouve-t-il à l. a. fois à los angeles troisième personne (pour qu'on puisse dire "le moi") et à l. a. première (puisque toute l'idée est d'expliquer ce qui fait que je suis moi) ? Tire-t-on le sens des mots "toi", "lui", "elle" de notre utilization du mot "moi" ? Loin que l'on puisse dériver los angeles diversité des personnes d'un rapport à soi dont le pronom "je" serait le seul software, c'est au contraire los angeles première personne qui tire son sens et ses features originaux de sa place au sein du système team of workers. Autant de questions grâce auxquelles Vincent Descombes, avec cet air de rien qui est sa marque de fabrique, montre nos incohérences philosophiques et égotistes !

Show description

Essays in Understanding, 1930-1954: Formation, Exile, and Totalitarianism

By Hannah Arendt

Few thinkers have addressed the political horrors and moral complexities of the 20 th century with the perception and passionate highbrow integrity of Hannah Arendt. She was once impossible to resist attracted to the job of figuring out, to be able to endow historical, political, and cultural occasions with that means. Essays in realizing assembles a lot of Arendt’s writings from the Nineteen Thirties, Forties, and into the Fifties. incorporated listed below are illuminating discussions of St. Augustine, existentialism, Kafka, and Kierkegaard: quite early examinations of Nazism, accountability and guilt, and where of faith within the smooth global: and her later investigations into the character of totalitarianism that Arendt set down after The Origins of Totalitarianism was released in 1951. The physique of labor amassed during this quantity provides us a awesome portrait of Arendt’s advancements as a thinker—and confirms why her principles and judgments stay as provocative and seminal this present day as they have been while she first set them down.

Show description

The Philosophy of Tai Chi Chuan: Wisdom from Confucius, Lao Tzu, and Other Great Thinkers

By Freya Boedicker

The essence of Tai Chi Chuan lies within the wealthy philosophy of old China. whereas so much Tai Chi practitioners are conscious of the price that learning chinese language philosophy can convey to their perform, it is usually tricky to pick these texts which are so much proper to Tai Chi and hooked up to its improvement. The Philosophy of Tai Chi Chuan presents, for the 1st time, a concise assessment of the chinese language martial and religious philosophies that force this old tradition.Authors Freya and Martin Boedicker, who educate Tai Chi all through Europe and South Africa, current freshly translated excerpts from such renowned and extensively studied works because the Tao Te Ching, the I Ching, and The artwork of warfare, as good as writings by means of philosophers and strategists resembling Zhuangzi and Wuzi. every one bankruptcy of this concise quantity specializes in a unmarried paintings or thinker, and encompasses a brief heritage of every one in addition to an outline in their relevance to Tai Chi. an intensive thesaurus of vital chinese language phrases rounds out the ebook. The Philosophy of Tai Chi Chuan offers readers an immediate reference to the innovations that shape the root of Tai Chi, inspiring a deeper figuring out of the artwork and its functions.

Show description